Table of Contents
What causes acne or pimples?
Acne is a disease of the skin characterized by the appearance of pimples, small bumps painful to the touch and a reddish color, there may be in some pimples the presence of pus resulting in an unaesthetic face. In addition to the pimples, you can also see black spots. This disease occurs in areas of the body with more sebaceous glands (glands that produce sebum or fat) such as the face, chest, and back
Why does acne occur?
At puberty, for example, hormonal changes cause the sebaceous glands to produce and secrete more sebum into the skin. This action irritates and clogs the pores, black spots known as comedones appear that can be opened or closed.
If the comedones are not treated and extracted, they become inflamed and appear pimples that can be of different sizes, these are painful to adopt a characteristic inflamed, red and filled with pus.
The more time passes and this disease is not treated, the more complications the patient will have, such as scars, infection by manipulation, spots and marks that should have an adequate treatment to improve the disease.
For this, it is always important to go to the dermatologist (a specialist in this area) to treat the disease in a timely and correct manner.
What conditions lead us to suffer from acne?
Very few people can say with pride that they have not had acne but this is something that is far from reality as it is a very common disease, it is estimated that 80% of the population suffer or suffered from acne at some point in their lives.
For some people it is a problem that lasts only a couple of years during adolescence and can be noticed mildly or moderately and leaves without leaving traces or consequences, but there are much more serious and delicate cases, where the disease does not disappear after adolescence and there are many cases where the appearance of acne is so extreme that it will affect self-esteem and daily life.
We mention adolescence as a stage of life that is almost certain that we can suffer from acne but there are other very important factors that cause acne and that can shorten or lengthen the time of suffering from this disease, such as:
- Hereditary factors.
- Hormonal factors.
- Skin bacteria (P. acnes).
- Bad nutrition.
Types of acne
We will expose the types of acne for more knowledge of what is
NON-INFLAMMATORY ACNE – BLACK SPOTS AND CLOSED COMEDONS.
Non-inflamed acne is characterized by the appearance of blackheads. Due to the obstruction and irritation of the sebaceous duct, black spots or closed comedones are produced.
Characteristics of non-inflamed acne.
– Acne or pimples are present but they are few and the outbreaks are not recurrent.
– The closed comedones dominate in this stage.
– The skin is ready to receive a facial cleaning every 28 days by cosmetology, aesthetics or dermatology professional.
They are lesions in the form of nodules and cysts, very red and painful that affect the patient physically and psychologically due to their striking and unattractive appearance. It is the most serious form of acne.
Clinically it is identified as inflammatory lesions in its majority, there are less comedones. Inflammatory lesions are very sensitive, large and painful to the touch. It is important to go to the appropriate medical attention, since its timely treatment prevents acne from worsening and then scars and unwanted spots appear on the skin.
Characteristics of inflammatory acne
– Affected, inflamed, painful and sensitive area.
– You can see acne in the form of cysts, lesions or pimples with pus and mostly nodules and closed comedones.
– In this stage, medical treatment is essential, and after the resolution or improvement of the condition, a deep facial cleansing is carried out.
- Natural remedies for acne and blackheads
The homemade masks have had a great influence in the last decades since the properties of the natural ingredients that are used to realize them are wonderful. I present some home remedies that you can use to improve the appearance of your skin and get rid of the annoying pimples:
- Mask of lemon, egg white, and cucumber
In a bowl, place the set of 1 freshly squeezed lemon, the egg white, and the ½ cucumber pulp. Join all the ingredients and apply the mask for 15 minutes, then remove with plenty of water. It is recommended to apply it only at night.
This facial mask offers many benefits:
- The cucumber has astringent properties that allow regulating the sebum and oiliness of the skin.
- The lemon is responsible for stimulating the production of collagen and has astringent properties that diminish the appearance of pimples and whitening properties that allows lightening the dark spots caused by the pimples.
- Egg white, has the ability to absorb excess sebum, ends with the bright appearance of the skin, and gives the skin firmness and elasticity.
- Oatmeal mask with honey and lemon
With this mask, the skin will remain like silk. Heat 3 tablespoons of honey (not too hot) and combine with 2 tablespoons of oatmeal and 1 of lemon juice to form a homogeneous paste, thick enough to be fixed on the skin. Apply the mask and let it act for 30 minutes, then remove with plenty of water and continue with your usual beauty routine.
This mask gives your skin the following benefits:
- Oats cleans and exfoliates the face deeply. It prevents the dehydration of the skin and eliminates dead cells and impurities that accumulate in the pores, helping to reduce and treat acne by controlling the production of sebum and the formation of shine in our skin.
- Honey, has antibiotic properties that help eliminate the bacteria that cause acne. Due to the high content of hydrogen peroxide, it is responsible for reducing the appearance of pimples. In the same way, it helps to eliminate stains on the skin and thanks to its enzymes it is an excellent facial cleanser. It is also an excellent exfoliant.
- Mint mask
In a bowl mix 2 tablespoons fresh finely chopped mint, 2 tablespoons of plain yogurt and 2 tablespoons of oatmeal (use a blender to spray the oats).
Apply the mask and let it act for 15 minutes then remove with plenty of water and continue with your usual beauty routine.
Benefits of mint:
- Mint has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that help improve and alleviate the appearance of the skin, relieves itching, swelling, and redness. In addition, it is responsible for removing the sebum that clogs the pores.
Process in a blender the contents of a tea bag of chamomile with enough water to form a paste and apply it all over the face and let it act.
Another alternative is to dip two bags of chamomile tea in a cup of boiled water for 15 minutes. Let the tea cool, then use a cotton ball to apply it on your face, let it work all night and remove with plenty of water in the morning.
Apply the mask and let it act for 15 minutes then remove with plenty of water and continue with your usual beauty routine.
Benefits of Chamomile
- Chamomile has anti-inflammatory properties that help relieve skin irritations and red skin coloring caused by acne.
- Aloe Vera
In a container place, the gel of the Aloe Vera plant or you can buy 100% natural Aloe Vera gel (make sure it is a pure product) and apply it to the skin. Its application is recommended only at night and leave to act. Remove in the morning with plenty of water.
Benefits of Aloe Vera:
- Aloe, known for its healing properties helps to heal pimples and reverse that they continue to evolve and worsen their appearance. Helps to fight the bacteria that produce acne and helps to heal the skin.
- Apple cider vinegar
To use it, mix equal parts of apple cider vinegar and water. Apply on the skin with a cotton pad. It is recommended to place the liquid in a bottle and shake it before each use. It is recommended to use at night, leave for 15 minutes and remove with plenty of water.
Benefits of apple cider vinegar
- It has antibacterial properties that help treat acne. In addition, it contains malic acid, lactic acid and acetic acid that helps to gently exfoliate the skin, eliminates the bacteria found in the skin (Propionibacterium acnes) and neutralizes the sebum which is the oily substance with which the bacteria feed and thrive.
- Foods that help your skin prevent acne.
So the foods that should be included in the diet to reduce pimples are:
- Whole carbohydrates: brown rice, wholemeal pasta, wholemeal flour, quinoa, oats.
- Food rich in omega-3: sardine, tuna, salmon, flaxseed, chia.
- Seeds: chia, linseed, pumpkin.
- Low-fat meats: fish, chicken, pork loin.
- Vitamin A: carrot, spinach, egg yolk, mango.
- Vitamin C and E: lemon, orange, broccoli, avocado.
In addition to having a healthy diet and supplement with exercise 4 times a week for 40 minutes, you should drink 8 glasses of water a day to purify the body of toxins and always maintain adequate hydration to help your skin to look and feel best.
- The best organic products to fight acne
The best organic products are those that help fight acne without producing damage, irritation or dryness in your skin.
These products must be 100% organic, free of perfumes, chemical preservatives, alcohol, parabens, thickeners, detergents, petroleum, silicone, and synthetic dyes.
Therefore, I offer you a list of natural ingredients that your star product should have to help combat acne:
- Aloe Vera
- Activated carbon
- Green Tea.
- Tree tea oil.
- Lavender essential oil.
- Rosehip essential oil.
- Salicylic acid.
- Vitamin E, C.
- Pomegranate seed oil.
- Best non-prescription products for acne. Treatment.
Acne products work in different ways, depending on their active ingredients. Some over-the-counter acne products work by eliminating the bacteria that cause inflammation from acne. Others remove excess fat from the skin or accelerate the growth of new skin cells and the elimination of dead skin cells. Some acne products offer a combination of these effects.
• Benzoyl peroxide. This ingredient eliminates the bacteria that cause acne, helps remove excess oil from the skin and eliminates dead cells that can clog pores. Products with over-the-counter benzoyl peroxide are available in graduations of 2.5% to 10%.
Possible side effects include dry skin, peeling, redness, stinging and burning, especially if you have sensitive skin.
• Salicylic acid. This ingredient helps prevent clogging of pores. The presentations of the products are available in graduations of 0.5% to 5%. Possible side effects include mild burning sensation and skin irritation.
• Alpha hydroxy acids. Glycolic acid and lactic acid are two types of alpha hydroxy acids that are used in over-the-counter acne products. Alpha hydroxy acids are synthetic versions of the acids derived from fruits that contain sugar.
They help eliminate dead skin cells and reduce inflammation. Alpha hydroxy acids also stimulate the growth of new and softer skin. This helps to improve the appearance of acne scars and decreases the size of the pores.
• Sulfur. Sulfur removes dead skin cells that clog pores and helps remove excess sebum on the skin. It is usually combined with other ingredients, such as salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide or resorcinol. Products that contain sulfur can cause dry skin.
All the side effects of the treatments to eliminate acne are diminished with the application of moisturizing cream and following the steps of a good daily facial routine. Also, you should always make sure to follow the dermatologist’s recommendations before using any acne cream.
- What is the best treatment for acne?
Acne is a disease of the skin that must be treated from various approaches. The specialist or dermatologist will determine which treatment is best for you according to the cause of the acne, your type of skin, type of acne and severity of the disease.
- Medical treatment
Among the medical treatments to treat acne include the following:
• Topical retinoids such as tretinoin and adapalene. Since topical retinoids act on abnormal keratinization and are also anti-inflammatory, they are useful both for comedogenic acne and for severe cases of inflammatory acne.
• Isotretinoin is a strong oral retinoid that acts on the mechanisms of pimple formation, that is, reduces inflammation, eliminates the obstruction of the sebaceous gland reducing the size of the same and acts on the bacteria involved in the appearance of the acne (Propionibacterium acnes). This medicine currently can be used in cases of mild to severe as long as it is indicated by a specialist dermatologist in the area who knows the subject perfectly because after treating the patient with isotretinoin, acne does not appear again in the 80% of the cases.
Before starting the treatment, the patient must sign a consent form to say that he understands the risks.
Adverse effects include dry skin, dry lips, severe fetal abnormalities (women are always advised to take oral contraceptives during treatment with isotretinoin) and mood swings.
• Benzoyl peroxide helps prevent dead skin from blocking hair follicles and also destroys bacteria that cause infection.
• Topical and oral antibiotics may be indicated in moderate and severe acne for a treatment period of up to 6 months. They help to destroy the bacteria that colonize the skin and produce acne (Propionibacterium acnes) producing infection at the level of clogged hair follicles. Antibiotics help to progressively decrease the growth of bacteria and help reduce skin inflammation.
Topical treatments can be combined with oral antibiotics (predominantly tetracyclines or erythromycin).
• Azelaic acid is often used as an alternative treatment to rid the skin of dead skin cells and destroy bacteria. It is usually prescribed if patients experience side effects with benzoyl peroxide or topical retinoids.
• Oral contraceptives or hormonal therapies can also be effective in women affected by acne since they suppress estrogen, the activity of sebaceous glands and reduce the formation of ovarian and adrenal androgens.
Oral contraceptives are not usually indicated in women who:
- They have a blood coagulation disorder
- They have a tobacco habit
- Age over 35 years
In these cases, it is always important to go to the dermatologist and gynecologist.
As with any medication, the products used to treat acne have side effects. These include skin dryness and sensitivity to the sun. However, these effects can be counteracted by the use of moisturizers and the application every 6 hours of sunscreen.
It is very important that these products are handled only by professionals and under strict medical indications. With the correct use of the treatment, the patient will have the best results after the first month of use. They are strong products, but the skin knows how to tolerate them and responds correctly to assets. In addition, moisturizers and emollients are always indicated by the dermatologist to counteract the dryness and irritation that may occur.
However, by having a deep regime of care and treatment in the home, you must take into account several important indications during and after the treatment of acne.
- Always leave the house with sunscreen to prevent photodamage and aging of the skin. Any retinoid (vitamin A derivative) or topical or oral medication that is used as a treatment for acne can produce spots that will later be difficult to remove, so always apply sun protection 30 minutes before sun exposure and continue to perform the application every 4 to 6 hours.
- Have a daytime and nighttime facial routine that includes products recommended by the dermatologist or doctor specializing in the care and treatment of acne. It is important to include in the nocturnal routine the application of facial masks 1 to 2 times a week to reduce the production of sebum in the skin and decrease the appearance of pimples.
- Use non-comedogenic makeup for important occasions, the rest is avoided and contraindicates the use of makeup, as it clogs the pores and does not allow the skin to breathe properly. During the treatment a clean skin is needed, free of impurities and the possible causes that can continue to worsen acne are avoided.
- Avoid touching the granites and squeezing them, to reduce the possibility of skin infections, spots or scars.
- Avoid the use of home remedies such as toothpaste, sea salt to exfoliate the skin or ointments not recommended by the specialist, it is abrasive to the skin and causes irritation and peeling.