If you have been around the news lately, then it is quite impossible for you not to have come across the word CBD. It is on the radio stations, TV adverts, newspapers and the list is inexhaustible. For quite some times now, CBD has been the primary topic of debate in several health gatherings in the world. These debates are to ascertain CBD’s safety level and also to determine if it should be legalized for medical use or not. One of such numerous discussions led to the legalization of the compound for medical use in December 2017 by the US government.

In case you are hearing about CBD for the first time, or you have heard little or no information about it, then this guide is for you. In this guide, you will learn all the basics of CBD oil, its benefits to the human body, safety level and any other possible vital information you may need to know concerning the wonderful compound now making waves in the health market.

WHAT IS CBD OIL?

CBD (cannabidiol), is one of the numerous (more than 100) phytochemicals (cannabinoids) present in the cannabis plant. It is the second most abundant phytocannabinoids extracted from the cannabis plant after tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Before the discovery of CBD in 1940, data gathered from history, reveals that cannabis plant has been utilized for a wide range of therapeutic purposes such as reduction in pains, treatment of tapeworm diseases and wound healing. CBD as one of phytocannabinoids has a promising future since research has shown that it has a wide range of application in serving as an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antidepressant, antitumor and antimicrobial, to mention a few.

CBD oil is extracted from the flowers and seeds of the cannabis plant, and it has been shown to have a high concentration of cannabinoids which can be utilized for medical purposes.

Is CBD A Drug?

While we cannot categorically say that CBD is a drug, it is pertinent to note that it is a compound which can be incorporated into drugs to assist the body fight against diseases, boost immunity, triggers the production of feel-good hormones, reduces the rate of inflammation and limits the growth and proliferation of bacterial species. CBD can serve as an active component in a drug but should not be regarded as one. There are several debates aimed at legalizing its use as a prescription medicine in different parts of the world. Until then, the best answer to this question is to say that CBD is a therapeutic compound with lots of promising activities when used as a drug.

Is CBD legal?

Although the use of CBD has experienced a wide range of approval from the general public, there are still issues arising from its legality. This is mainly because it is often confused with THC which can make you high or interfere with brain functions. To settle this case, adequate care must be taken to understand the difference between different cannabinoid isolates. CBD is not marijuana and cannot be THC. The move to legalize its medical use is still gaining more grounds.

Is CBD safe?

CBD is a phytocannabinoids which can boost the production of endocannabinoids (cannabinoids found in the human body) such as anandamide. It is a component of breast milk and plays a vital role in the growth and development of infants, assists the body in building immunity, rest and sleep. It also triggers hormonal balance, and some scientists believe there are disease conditions which arise from clinical endocannabinoid deficiency (CED). Some of the diseases include but are not limited to migraines, insomnia, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), chronic pain, arthritis, diabetes, fibromyalgia, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). To this effect, we can boldly say that CBD is safe for use in the human population.

Its interaction with the CB1 and CB2 receptors of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) to boost the production and activity of endocannabinoids makes it an invaluable addition to the medical field. It does not lead to adverse side effects and can be used by all ages.

What sort of things can CBD help me with?

The ECS is a part of the central nervous system which is responsible for controlling cognitive responses such as hormonal balance, pain, immunity, appetite, rest and sleep. It has several receptors scattered around the body, and this makes it a very important system. Successful interaction between these ECS receptors with CBD has been identified as the major reason behind the vast level of activity recorded in CBD. At the time of writing this, CBD has been successfully utilized in the treatment and prevention of the following disease conditions; anxiety and depression, hormonal imbalance, inflammation, detoxification, chronic pain syndrome, delaying the signs of aging, boosting mood, prevention of cancer, antibacterial agent, PCOS, irritable bowel syndrome, diabetes, insomnia and a wide range of other disease conditions.

CBD can also come in handy as replacement therapy for people who are suffering from withdrawal syndrome and can serve as a good replacement for over-the-counter pain relievers which have been identified to produce a wide range of side effects.

What CBD products are available on the internet?

There are several CBD products available in the market and choosing the right one can be a thing of a challenge. As many as they may seem, it is important that you take note of the underlying medical conditions, the method of delivery and concentration of the CBD product before settling for any product in the market. Some of the most common CBD products you are likely to encounter in the market include but are not limited to the following;

What known brands are in the CBD?

There are several brands of CBD available on the internet and based on regions. For the purpose of this write-up, we shall look at the top brands of CBD products based on Technavio’s Global CBD Oil Market Report 2018-2022. The top ten CBD brands include;

  1. CV Sciences
  2. Endoca
  3. Gaia Botanicals
  4. Isodiol International
  5. Medical marijuana
  6. Aurora Cannabis (AC)
  7. CBD American Shaman
  8. Canopy Growth Corporation
  9. Elixinol
  10. Irie CBD

Any credible news about CBD?

Day in day out, we receive several news articles about CBD, its legalization, groundbreaking research discoveries and important information about product usage. In February 2018, NBC researched to determine the safety level of CBD products in the market, and the results were shocking. They discovered that most of the CBD products being sold contained little to no amount of CBD in them had a high level of heavy metals and microbiological. Most of these products were recovered from unaccredited producers hence the need to be extra careful when purchasing any CBD product. Always make sure the producer and dealer are accredited by the FDA.

Are there CBD oil food recipes I can try? is there a way to incorporate CBD in my diet? lifestyle?

The introduction and use of CBD oil in cooking are some of the best discoveries of the 21st century. There is a wide range of CBD oil food recipes you can try out there, but adequate care must be taken not to expose the CBD oil to a temperature above 160 degree Celsius or 320 degrees Fahrenheit since it can destroy the compound.

Any celebrities or well-known people taking CBD?

CBD is an essential compound which can be used by a wide range of people. Some of the numerous celebrities who have used and endorsed CBD include but are not limited to; Melissa Etheridge, Michael J. Fox, Montel Williams, Morgan Freeman, Nate Diaz, Oliver Stone, Sam Simon, Seth Rogen, Snoop Dogg, Tommy Chong, and Whoopi Goldberg.

What does the FDA or NHS (UK) or Well known health authorities say about CBD?

For now, there are several levels of ongoing debates to determine the safety of CBD products and understand how well it can interact with the ECS receptors. The issue of determining the right CBD dosage is still a thing of a challenge. Although the FDA approved the use of medical cannabis, they promise to scrutinize every process and make sure all products are up to standard.

Conclusion

CBD is a wonderful compound which when fully understood, will have a great effect on the medicine as we know it. It is highly natural and useful and can be utilized in different ways.

Contact us if you have any question on CBD oils, we will love to hear from you.

FURTHER READING

Ashton, C.H., Moore, P.B., Gallagher, P. and Young, A.H. (2005): Cannabinoids in bipolar affective disorder: a review and discussion of their therapeutic potential. Journal of Psychopharmacology. 19:293–300. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15888515

Baron EP. Comprehensive review of medicinal marijuana, cannabinoids, and therapeutic implications in medicine and headache: What a long strange trip it’s been … Headache. 2015 Jun;55(6):885–916. doi: 10.1111/head.12570. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26015168

Barrus, D. G., Capogrossi, K. L., Cates, S. C., Gourdet, C. K., Peiper, N. C., Novak, S. P., Lefever, T. W., … Wiley, J. L. (2016). Tasty THC: Promises and Challenges of Cannabis Edibles. Methods report (RTI Press), 2016, 10.3768/rtipress.2016.op.0035.1611.

Blázquez, C., Chiarlone, A., Bellocchio, L., Resel, E., Pruunsild, P., García-Rincón, D., Sendtner, M., Timmusk, T., Lutz, B., Galve-Roperh, I. and Guzmán, M. (2015). “The CB1 cannabinoid receptor signals striatal neuroprotection via a PI3K/Akt/mTORC1/BDNF pathway”. Cell Death and Differentiation. 22 (10): 1618–1629. http://www.nature.com/cdd/journal/v22/n10/full/cdd201511a.html

Corroon, J., & Phillips, J. A. (2018). A Cross-Sectional Study of Cannabidiol Users. Cannabis and cannabinoid research, 3(1), 152-161. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30014038

Donvito, G., Nass, S.R., Wilkerson, J.L., Curry, Z.A., Schurman, L.D.; Kinsey, S.G., Lichtman, A.H. (2017): “The Endogenous Cannabinoid System: A Budding Source of Targets for Treating Inflammatory and Neuropathic Pain.” Neuropsychopharmacology. 43 (1): 52–79. https://www.nature.com/npp/journal/vaop/naam/abs/npp2017204a.html

Kirkham, T.C. (2005): Endocannabinoids in the regulation of appetite and body weight. Behavioral Pharmacology 16:297–313. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16148436

Mechoulam R (1986): The Pharmacohistory of Cannabis sativa, in Cannabis as Therapeutic Agent. CRC Press; Boca Raton, FL, USA. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/6435/aba915a894a8d8aea768266e367dc8d54f15.pdf

Parker L. A., Rock E. M., Limebeer C. L. (2011). Regulation of nausea and vomiting by cannabinoids. Br. J. Pharmacol. 163 1411–1422. 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2010.01176.x https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3165951/.

Shannon, S., Lewis, N., Lee, H., & Hughes, S. (2019). Cannabidiol in Anxiety and Sleep: A Large Case Series. The Permanente Journal, 23, 18-041. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326553/

World Health Organization Expert Committee on Drug Dependence. Cannabidiol (CBD) Pre-Review Report Agenda Item 5.2 and Peer Review, 2017. https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/5.2_CBD.pdf

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